Hair by Salon Fluxx, Rozalyn Polecastro & Joe Paciorek Make-up by Karen Koenig, Frances Mullozzi, Leticia Carrillo, Molly Lindenberger Photos by Jonothan Mackoff/Alberto Gonzalez/Light Design Model: Leslie Bembinster
Gray Wolf The gray wolf is one of the world's most well-researched animals, with probably more books written about it than any other wildlife species. It has a long history of association with humans, having been despised and hunted in most agricultural communities due to its attacks on livestock, while conversely being respected by some Native American tribes. It is the sole ancestor of the dog, which was first domesticated in the Middle East. Hunting and trapping has reduced the species' range to about one third of its original range.
The gray wolf's decline in the prairies began with the extermination of the American bison and other ungulates in the 1860s–70s. From 1900–1930, the gray wolf was virtually eliminated from the western USA and adjoining parts of Canada, due to intensive predator control programs aimed at eradicating the species. The gray wolf was exterminated by federal and state governments from all of the USA by 1960, except in Alaska and northern Minnesota. The decline in North American wolf populations was reversed from the 1930s to the early 1950s, particularly in southwestern Canada, due to expanding ungulate populations resulting from improved regulation of big game hunting. This increase triggered a resumption of wolf control in western and northern Canada. Thousands of wolves were killed from the early 1950s to the early 1960s, mostly due to poisoning. This campaign was halted and wolf populations increased again by the mid‐1970s.